: Alysia Littleleaf of Littleleaf Guide Service

Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs

The Warm Springs Reservation sits among the iconic landmarks of Mt. Hood to the north, Mt. Jefferson to the south and the Deschutes River to the east. The 644,000-acre reservation is home to three Native American Tribes: Warm Springs, Wasco and Paiute.

The cultures of the Warm Springs, Wasco and Paiute peoples have shaped the distinct lands they inhabit. Both the Wasco and Warm Springs Tribes are river people. The Wasco Tribe and Warm Springs Tribe originated from the Columbia River, near present-day The Dalles and Hood River. The original name of the Columbia River by the Chinook-speaking Wasco Tribe was Wimahl. The Sahaptian speakers of Warm Springs referred to the river as Nch’i-Wàna, meaning “Great River.”

More About This Tribe

As original inhabitants of Southeastern Oregon and its desert landscape, the Paiute Tribe historically practiced a more nomadic lifestyle to acquire game and other food that varied by the season. The members of the Paiute Tribe who came to settle on the Warm Springs Reservation make up a small band of the much larger Paiute Tribe farther east and south; Some of their descendents are members of today’s Burns Paiute Tribe in eastern Oregon.

Since resettling to the Warm Springs Reservation and forming the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs, Tribal members have established homes, businesses and a variety of visitor amenities here among the ponderosa pines and dramatic rocky river canyons of the high desert.

Outline of Oregon with Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs tribal land displayed.

Order the Travel Guide to Oregon Indian Country

Learn about the many attractions on and near tribal lands. Get inspired by the many opportunities for recreation, enhanced by the people who have tended these places for generations. Tribes are eager to welcome you to their homeland.

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