: Deschutes River

Get Started Fly-Fishing in Oregon

Book a guided tour for the best experience or get a primer on the basics, or go on your own.
August 30, 2021

When Elke Littleleaf stands waist-deep in the Deschutes, fly rod in hand whipping a beautiful arc-shaped cast, he says the feeling that washes over him is like medicine. “You’re in a session of river therapy, and there’s nothing like it,” he says. 

Alongside his wife Alysia Littleleaf, Elke is an owner-guide of Littleleaf Guide Service. For more than 10 years, the couple has been taking fly-fishing enthusiasts to a section of the Lower Deschutes River on the Warm Springs Reservation, helping visitors discover their Tribe’s 39 unspoiled miles of river. (Fishing on the reservation requires a permit.) “We give them our mindset and eyes into our native world,” he says. “Eagles flying high above me, ospreys diving into the water, rattlesnakes rattling right in front of us …. On the river, every day is an adventure.”

Both Elke and Alysia enjoy taking beginners out to show them how rewarding fly-fishing can be. If you’ve ever wanted to try it out yourself but are unsure of how to start, here’s everything you need to know to get out and get your feet wet.

A woman stands in a river holding a fishing reel
Alysia Littleleaf, one half of Littleleaf Guide Service, is one of many outfitters in Oregon who provide fly-fishers with needed gear well as expert knowledge and safety tips.

Guides Teach More Than Just Fly-Fishing

When it comes to a sport as technical as fly-fishing, there are a number of benefits to going with a guide. Not only will a guide service outfit you with the gear you need such as waders, a pole and flies, they’re also eager to share their expert knowledge such as how to cast, what flies you need and how to tie them. They’ll also be on top of safety concerns, such as river and weather conditions.

“It eliminates so much of the hassle and the questions,” Alysia says. “We can read the water, explain to them where to fish, where the flies hatch. We’re really dialed in, and we can help dial them in little by little.”

Going with a guide can also make for a more enjoyable experience, one where you walk away learning something you didn’t expect. “What’s different about us is we make you feel like you’re part of this river with us,” Elke says. “As we teach you along the way, we’re sharing our cultural heritage. You learn a lot more than fly-fishing.”

Check out these fly-fishing guides around the state.

An open fly box reveals colorful feathered flies
One of the keys to fly fishing is using the right fly. Different flies live in different areas, so you’ll have to have an artificial fly that mimics the regional flies in the area you’ll be fishing. 

Grasping the Basics

Whether or not you choose to go with a guide, it’s good to know the basics of fly-fishing before heading out the door. A common treat for most fish in Oregon’s rivers, streams and lakes are flies. Fly-fishers aim to lure those fish onto the hook by using an artificial fly that looks and acts like a real fly. Different flies live in different areas, so you’ll have to have an artificial fly that mimics the regional flies in the area you’ll be fishing. 

The Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife offers great introductory information on where to fish across the state, equipment you’ll need and a primer on knots. Casting is often the most difficult part for those new to fly-fishing. To help prepare, practice on dry land without a fly attached to the end of your line. Here is a video that breaks down how to do a basic fly cast. 

A hand holds a fish in a river
While in some places you can fly-fish year-round — including the Deschutes — there’s a special time to go fly-fishing in each river and each region. (Photo by Mia Sheppard)

Know the Timing

While in some places you can fly-fish year-round — including the Deschutes — there’s a special time to go fly-fishing in each river and each region. That timing is centered around when the regional flies hatch, creating a smorgasbord of tasty treats for the fish. The salmonfly and stone fly — two flies beloved by trout — both hatch between mid-May and early June. 

That makes spring the prime time to try out fly-fishing on some of Oregon’s rivers, including on the Deschutes and Rogue rivers. People visit the Deschutes from all around the world to witness this event. To learn about when to fish and what type of artificial fly you’ll need, call the local fly shop closest to the place you’d like to fish. 

An overhead photo of a person fly fishing in a clear river
No matter where you go to fish, patience is key. A local guide can help round out your knowledge for a more successful experience. (Photo by Kamrin Nielsen)

Learn About the Waterway

In addition to checking the rules and regulations (including securing a fishing license) for the waterway you’d like to visit, take a moment to research what the ecological impacts on the waterway are and how you can visit responsibly. “Anytime there’s a new fly angler that’s born, there’s a conservation that’s born,” Alysia says. “These are first foods. We are a voice for the fish, for our river. We need clean water, so we teach them all the threats we’re up against.”

(Before you go fishing anywhere in Oregon, make sure to check the latest ODFW fishing report for the latest conditions and closures, including the recent closure of steelhead angling on tributaries of the Columbia River.)

Patience Is Essential

The No. 1 requirement for fly-fishing, the Littleleafs say, is patience. “Don’t even come fly-fishing if you don’t have patience,” Elke warns. Alysia says she notices newcomers often are impatient with themselves and their skill levels. In the same breath, she says you have to let go of something else: expectations. “In fly-fishing, you learn you can’t expect, expect, expect,” she says. “Don’t have expectations of catching the biggest fish or the most fish. Have fun, get in the moment, make the memories.” 

About The

Emily Gillespie
Emily Gillespie is a travel writer whose work has appeared in the Washington Post, CNN Travel and Afar magazine. She’s lived in three of Oregon’s seven regions, currently calling Portland home. She and her husband look for every opportunity to hike to a view, bike through wine country and eat their way through a new city.

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