History runs deep across Oregon’s varied landscapes, where a treasure trove of places and activities reveal much about our past. In fact, one region in particular offers plenty of hands-on lessons in history that – with a little imagination – can transport you to a very different Oregon.

Upriver from Hells Canyon at Farewell Bend State Park (at Brownlee Reservoir) you’ll enjoy an oasis of green – where acres of spreading locust trees provide cool shady relief from the summer sun.

Oregon State Park Manager Joe Kenick said that the historic site earned its name from the earliest pioneers who passed through the area on their westward treks: “This is where they had to say ‘farewell’ to the Snake River and move up toward the northwest and Baker Valley. You must remember that walking down Hells Canyon was not an option, so this place stood out and was a draw because it’s the only green around.”

The Farewell Bend State Park Campground offers plenty of elbow room across 74 lakeshore acres with more than 120 sites for tents or trailers. There are also two rental cabins that offer all of the comforts of home, so it’s a good place to spend some time, cast a fishing line and enjoy a break.

“An archeologist once told me,” added Kenick, “that a good place to camp is a good place to camp whether it’s 150 years ago or today. That’s why this was a gathering spot on the Oregon Trail.”

Less than an hour away, near Baker City, the Oregon Trail Interpretive Center is a fine gathering site for your family. The site provides you with a perspective and context to better understand the region’s early days.

The OTIC opened in 1993 and shows – through tours and exhibits – how the westward migration that began in the 1840s changed Oregon forever.  Outside the OTIC you can explore replicas of covered wagons that give you a feel for the pioneering experience, but you won’t need to travel far to see the real thing. That’s because the actual trail – deep wagon ruts and all – is adjacent to the OTIC.

“It’s important to remember that there wasn’t just one trail,” noted Jeremy Martin, BLM Park Ranger.  “There were many Oregon Trails and the reason for many trails is because no one liked eating dust for long. So, often the wagons would spread out across the valley floor. We are a place that holds on to Oregon history and we tell the story of the largest non-forced human migration in human history.”

In nearby Baker City, make time to visit the grandest site of all; in fact, the Geiser Grand Hotel is in the center of what was once called the “Queen City” of Oregon’s gold country. There’s no finer place to rest your head.

“Baker City is the next historic chapter that followed the Oregon Trail,” said Barbara Sidway, the owner and General Manager of the Geiser Grand Hotel. “The trail blew through this area and brought hundreds of thousands of pioneers into the Willamette Valley, but settlement in this area didn’t really happen until later – after gold was discovered.”

The Geiser Grand Hotel offers a certain elegance that may spoil you with fine crystal chandeliers, rich mahogany millwork and a spectacular stained glass atrium that collectively take the breath away.

Thirty guest rooms invite you to linger longer, in a comfort and elegance that traveled a long road to recovery. You see, the Geiser Grand Hotel’s story began in 1889 during the rough and tumble days of Oregon’s gold rush. Albert Geiser made a “statement” when he built his namesake hotel that said Eastern Oregon could rival any of the big city offerings that travelers might encounter between Seattle and San Francisco. The hotel thrived for nearly half a century before the gold played out and harder times arrived. In fact, the hotel was boarded up and abandoned when Barbara Sidway and her husband arrived in the early 1990s.

“There was so much of the original millwork still intact and it was done with a lot of care and money and artisanship – it was all just extraordinary,” said Sidway.

An 8-million dollar restoration followed, and the investment in the hotel and in Baker City’s future was completed when the hotel reopened in 1998.

“When you stay at the Geiser Grand Hotel you are really stepping back in time and connecting with what Eastern Oregon is about now,” said Sidway. If you just show up, we will get you pointed in the right direction for history and adventure.”

about author Grant McOmie

Grant McOmie is a Pacific Northwest broadcast journalist, teacher and author who writes and produces stories and special programs about the people, places, outdoor activities and environmental issues of the Pacific Northwest. A fifth generation Oregon native, Grant’s roots run deepest in the central Oregon region near Prineville and Redmond where his family continues to live.

This Grant’s Getaway includes one of Oregon’s Seven Wonders. See one, or better yet, see them all!

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These maps and directions are for planning purposes only. You may find that construction projects, traffic, or other events may cause road conditions to differ from the map results. For travel options, weather and road conditions, visit tripcheck.com, call 511 (in Oregon only), 800.977.6368 or 503.588.2941.

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  1. bjl says…

    Love any history of Oregon-such a beautiful state. Thanks for the history of Eastern Oregon and the Oregon Trail.Nice to be reminded and so happy they saved the hotel.

    Written on August 18th, 2013 / Flag this Comment
  2. Linda Kizer-Paquette says…

    My father’s family came to Oregon from Indiana in the last big wagon train in 1853. It was a thrill to see something from a Kizer on display at Baker City’s Oregon Trail Interpretive Center
    A fascinating place, especially for us multi-generational natives.

    Written on August 18th, 2013 / Flag this Comment
  3. Diane Holmes says…

    This looks like a place we would like to visit. We live in Oregon and have not explored in Eastern Oregon. The Geiser Grand Hotel looks amazing. We would love to have the chance to stay there.

    Written on August 18th, 2013 / Flag this Comment
  4. Tere says…

    LOVE this story. Keep us posted.

    Written on August 18th, 2013 / Flag this Comment
  5. Wilbur R. Berry says…

    Stayed at the Geiser Grand Hotel during the Hells Canyon MC rally,great place and awesome staff!

    Written on October 15th, 2013 / Flag this Comment
  6. Rob Englert says…

    I live in South Carolina. I came here to learn more about Oregon. A trip there is on my bucket list.

    Written on July 10th, 2015 / Flag this Comment
  7. Alta McGraw says…

    A 6th generation Oregonian, there is much of this wonderful state I’ve still not seen. So, sister and daughter, along with our husbands are planning a road trip this coming summer. We a considering a week to 10 days covering parts of Central and Eastern Oregon. Our family came to Oregon in 1853 on the “Lost Wagon Train” in 1853, so we may attempt to figure out their route.

    Written on February 8th, 2017 / Flag this Comment
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